A new law means women wearing a burqa in public are now subject to a nearly $10,000 fine.
Starting November 24th, the measure will be enforced in the state of Ticino, the Swiss state bordering Italy.
Passed in 2013, with more than two-thirds of residents voting in favor, the law explicitly allows other face covering such as masks, balaclavas or crash helmets.
The architect of the bill, Giorgio Ghiringhelli, told the Independent the point of the legislation is to attack “Islamist fundamentalists.”
“Those who want to integrate are welcome irrespective of their religion,” he said. “But those who rebuff our values and aim to build a parallel society based on religious laws, and want to place it over our society, are not welcome,” he added.
Amnesty International called passage of the bill a “black day for human rights in Ticino.”
The law was upheld by the European Court of Human Rights in July 2014. Similar laws have since been passed in Belgium and the Netherlands, while the Swiss parliament blocked a nationwide ban in 2012.