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Veteran Intel

What You Didn’t Know About Indian Code Talkers

This is amazing.

Chuck Yarling

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Most everyone has heard about Navajo Code Talkers. They are widely known as tribal members who spoke their language during World War II while communicating with various units of our armed forces. Their purpose was to prevent the enemy to listen to our wartime communications between various combat units. But, actually, they developed their own code using the Navajo language. Yes, in fact, no other Navajo could even understand what was being transmitted. And neither could the enemy.

But the Navajo tribe was but one of many nations who became code talkers. There were other Native American tribes involved with code talking throughout the last two centuries. Various tribes worked with our military beginning during the the Indian Wars of the 19th Century.

Members of a number of tribes communicated with 26 languages and dialects during World War I. These code talkers came from Choctaw, Cheyenne, Comanche, Cherokee, Osage, and Yankton Sioux tribes.

During World War II, code talkers were used on both war continents. The Army and Marine Corps used a group of 24 Navajo code talkers in the Pacific Theater. Seminoles were used in the Battle at Iwo Jima. Eight Soldiers from the Meskwaki tribe in Iowa served as code talkers in North Africa in Europe.

A total of 33 different tribes served in World Wars I and II including Navajo, Comanche, Cheyenne, Cherokee, Osage, Lakota, Dakota, Chippewa, Oneida, Sac and Fox, Meskwaki, Hopi, Assiniboine, Kiowa, Pawnee, Akwesasne, Menominee, Creek, Cree Seminole Tribes, Oglala Sioux Tribe, Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe, Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Crow Creek Sioux Tribe, Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, with Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, and other unlisted tribes.

Unfortunately, the code talkers didn’t get proper recognition for their service until Congress passed the Code Talkers Recognition Act in 2002. The goal of the law was to 

Recognize the important part that these Soldiers played in “performing highly successful communications operations of a unique type that greatly assisted in saving countless lives and in hastening the end of World War I and World War II.

And further, it recognized that code talkers worked

Under some of the heaviest combat action … around the clock to provide information … such as the location of enemy troops and the number of enemy guns.

Indeed, 25 members of various Indian tribes have been recognized with the Medal of Honor. This medal is our highest award presented to those military service members for gallantry above and beyond the call of duty. Their actions took place alongside other members of our military dating from various Indian Wars in the 19th Century (16), the Korean War (4), and World War II (5).

In 2008, Congress passed the Code Talkers Recognition Act. And, on Nov. 20, 2013, code talkers from 566 tribes were honored with Congressional Silver Medals. This medal is

Congress’s highest expression of appreciation – was awarded in recognition of the valor and dedication of these code talkers as members of our Armed Forces during World War I and World War II.

At the time, Former House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) remarked about code talkers:

“Because of them, deeds that may well have been relegated to legend will now live on in memory. And heroes who for too long went unrecognized will now be given our highest recognition.”

And finally, you take time to visit the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C. It would certainly be worth your time to honor those who helped the U.S. win both of our world wars.

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Chuck Yarling has had many titles in his career thus far: veteran, engineer, math teacher, consultant, technical writer, book author and publisher, and triathlete. He was a member the Military Order of the Purple Heart and Bugles Across America, which plays Taps at military funerals and special events. Spec. 5 Chuck Yarling served with the 26th Combat Engineering Battalion in Vietnam as an awards clerk. His service with the U.S. Army resulted in being awarded the Bronze Star, Purple Heart, and Army Commendation Medal. You may reach Chuck at [email protected]

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Politics

President Trump Signs An Executive Order To Combat Veteran Suicide

Chuck Yarling

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On January 9, 2018, President Trump signed an Executive Order (EO) entitled, “Presidential Executive Order on Supporting Our Veterans During Their Transition From Uniformed Service to Civilian Life” This EO is designed to combat veterans suicide that is prevalent among servicemembers during the time they are adjusting to a new life outside the military.

Here are five important attributes of this EO.

• #1: It identified that the largest number of suicides of our military personnel occur within the first year during their transition from military to civilian life.

• #2: It is during this time that the rate of veterans suicide is two times higher than the overall rate for service members.

• #3 Care may be provided at VA or by a private facility, depending on wait times where you live. This section re-enforces the Veteran’s Choice Act of 2017 which allows

Any veteran who lives 40 miles or more from the closest VA medical facility, or who faces a 30-day or more wait time, can seek out treatment from a private facility and the VA will handle the payment.

• #4: All service members leaving the military will receive screening for mental health issues for one year.

and

• #5: Implementation of the EO is being made at the highest levels of the administration via the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Homeland Security.At the meeting, Secretary of Veterans Affairs David Shulkin, remarked,

“Currently, 40 percent of those servicemembers had coverage in the VA to get mental health. Now 100 percent will have that coverage, and it’s the full array of services that the Department of Defense and the Department of Veteran Affairs will be able to provide in terms of mental health coverage.”

This EO is excellent news for transitioning servicemembers. Indeed, it will help make their future in the civilian workforce a success.

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Veteran Intel

Heads-up: Veterans Own Businesses Too

You may have bought from one & not known it!

Chuck Yarling

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Christmas shopping is now over. But an interesting question is this: did you shop at any businesses owned by veterans? Yes, indeed, veterans do own businesses and it may be surprising that you most likely indeed shopped or used services provided by one or more companies this past Christmas.

Why? The National Veteran-Owned Business Association estimates there are 3 million veteran-owned businesses in the country. For example, here are ten large companies that were founded by veterans:

• Federal Express (FedEx) was founded by Fred Smith, a Marine Corps veteran who served for four years. FedEx acquired Kinko’s in 2004, which is now called FedEx Office.

• Walmart. Yes, the world’s largest company has 11,695 stores in 28 countries. It was founded by Sam and Bud Walton in 1962. Both brothers are veterans: Sam served in the Army and Bud in the Navy.

• Enterprise Rent-A-Car Company began in 1957 and was started by Jack Taylor, a decorated WW II Navy pilot.

• Nike is the world’s largest supplier of athletic shoe and apparel. It was founded in 1964 by co-founder Phil Knight, who served in the Army and Army Reserve.

• RE/MAX, short for Real Estate Maximums, was co-founded by the Linigers, Dave and his wife. Dave served in the Air Force during the Vietnam era.

• Amway North America was co-founded by Richard Devos. Devos was in the Army Air Corps during WW II.

• GoDaddy is an international Internet Domain Registar.and web hosting company. The company was founded by Bob Parson, a Vietnam Veteran who served in the Marine Corps.

• Universal Health Services is one of the largest hospital management companies in the United States. It was founded by Alan B. Miller who graduated from college as an officer after serving four years in the Army ROTC.

• Sperry Shoes was founded by inventor, businessman, and photographer, Paul Sperry. Sperry was a member of the U.S. Navy Reserve.

• Sports Clips Haircuts was founded by Gordon Logan and his wife. Logan was an Aircraft Commander in the Air Force. Sports Clips is most widely known to us veterans because of their free haircuts on Veterans Day. In addition, they donate $1 from every haircut service on Veterans Day. The money is donated to scholarships for veterans.

So there you have it. Did you actually shop for Christmas presents at any of these veteran-owned companies? I did.

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Military

Here Are Three Shocking Reports On Veterans Suicide

Chuck Yarling

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The VA released an extensive report this past September which provided data on veterans suicide by states, age, gender, as well as the most common method of suicide. The data was extremely disturbing.

When faced with these statistics, VA Secretary Dr. David J. Shulkin commented      

These findings are deeply concerning, which is why I made suicide prevention my top clinical priority. I am committed to reducing Veteran suicides through support and education. We know that of the 20 suicides a day that we reported last year, 14 are not under VA care. This is a national public health issue that requires a concerted, national approach.

In August 2017, the VA published a separate report entitled Facts About Suicide Among Women VeteransThe data here is disturbing as well:

From 2001 through 2014, the suicide rate among women Veterans increased to a greater degree (62.4 percent) than the suicide rate among male Veterans (29.7%).

From 2001 through 2014, the suicide rate among women Veterans increased to a greater degree (62.4 percent) than the suicide rate among male Veterans (29.7 percent).

The rate of suicide is higher among women who report having experienced military sexual trauma (MST) — that is, sexual assault or sexual harassment during military service — compared to those who have not experienced MST .

And finally, an older report cannot be ignored. In August. 2016, the Office of Suicide Prevention of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) published a report entitled, Suicide Among Veterans And Other Americans (2001-2014).

This investigation was one the most intensive ever completed and certainly the most comprehensive one on veterans suicides. Here are some of the shocking statistics:

More than 55 million records from 1979 to 2014 from all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington, D.C. were examined.

In 2014, Veterans accounted for 18% of all deaths by suicide among U.S. adults and constituted 8.5% of the U.S. adult population (ages 18 and older) .

In 2010, Veterans accounted for 20.1% of all deaths by suicide and represented 9.6% of the U.S. adult population.

The burden of suicide resulting from firearm injuries remains high. In 2014, about 67% of all Veteran deaths by suicide were the result of firearm injuries.

In 2014, about 65% of all Veterans who died by suicide were ages 50 and older.

After adjusting for differences in age and sex , risk for suicide was 22% higher among Veterans compared with U.S. civilian adults. (2014)

After adjusting for differences in age, risk for suicide was 19% higher among male Veterans compared with U.S. civilian adult men . (2014)

In 2014, rates of suicide were highest among younger Veterans (age s 18 – 29) and lowest among older Veterans (ages 60 and older ) .

And one final statistic: a firearm was the most common method of suicide for both men and women.

Important Notes

If you are aware of any serviceman member or veteran who may be at risk for suicide, here are four resources that you can use to help that person:

1. Any veteran or active duty military personnel having thoughts of suicide should call the VA Helpline: 800.273.8255 or log in to their website, Veterans Crisis Line.

2. You can also find a nearby Suicide Crisis Center by going to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline or call 800.273.8355 anytime 24/7.

3. Suicide Prevention for Military, Veterans and Support Group.

and

4. Hidden Wounds, a veterans suicide prevention network built by veterans.

Please don’t delay your actions. You may save a life!

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